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|Title:||Predicting acute liver failure in dengue infection|
de Silva, A.P.
de Silva, H.J.
Liver Failure, Acute
|Publisher:||Wiley Blackwell Scientific Publications|
|Citation:||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2012; 27(Supp 5): 226|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dengue infections (DI) have a diverse clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic illness to severe dengue. Unusual manifestations such as encephalitis, myocarditis, and acute liver failure (ALF) are increasingly recognized. Though ALF is less common has a poor prognosis. Aim of this study was to identify possible predictors of ALF in DI. METHOD: Serologically confirmed patients with DI, admitted to university medical unit, Ragama, Sri Lanka from January 2009 to March 2010 were included. Patients were consisted of direct admission as well as referrals with deranged liver functions. Data was obtained from patient records. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Out of 240 patients (male : female 57.7%:42.5%; mean age 35.6 years [SD 15.4 years]), 164 had dengue with warning signs, 27 had dengue without warning signs and 49 had severe dengue. 15/49 severe dengue patients had profound shock. Abdominal pain, persistent vomiting (PV), bleeding, hepatomegaly and ascites were present in 125, 92, 39,129 and 28 cases respectively. Elevated AST/ALT, serum bilirubin (SB), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma glutamyl transpeptide (GGT) were observed in 208, 20, 18 and 60 patients respectively. Of the 240 patients 41 had AST/ALT > 1000 IU/ml and 199 had AST/ALT < 1000 IU/ml. Only 16/41 patients with AST/ALT > 1000 IU/ml developed ALF while none from the AST/ALT < 1000 IU/ml group. Only 4/15 of profound shock had ALF. Patients with AST/ALT > 1000 IU/ml, presence of 2 or 3 of; elevated SB, elevated ALP or PV predicted the development of ALF with 93.8% sensitivity, 98.7% specificity, 83.3% positive predictive value (PPV) and 99% negative predictive value (NPV) with p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Dengue patients who’s AST/ALT < 1000 IU/ml, excluded patients at risk of ALF. Presence of 2 or 3 of: PV, elevated SB or elevated ALP in a patient with AST/ALT > 1000 IU/ml may indicate impending ALF. This needs further validation in a larger population|
|Description:||Poster Session Abstract (P11-74), 22nd Asian Pacific Digestive Week, December 5–8, 2012, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Appears in Collections:||Conference Papers|
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