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Title: Alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking in an urban adult Sri Lankan population
Authors: Kasturiratne, A.
Pinidiyapathirage, M.J.
Perera, H.K.K.
Fernando, E.D.P.S.
Ranasinha, C.D.
Edirisinghe, P.A.S.
Makaya, M.
Kato, N.
Keywords: Alcohol consumption
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Sri Lanka Medical Association
Citation: The Ceylon Medical Journal. 2008; 53(Supplement 1):28
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence and patterns of alcohol consumption and smoking in the general population in Sri Lanka are scarce. Objective: To describe patterns of alcohol use and smoking in an urban adult population in Sri Lanka. DESIGN, SETTING AND METHODS: A random sample of the general population aged between 35-65 years, resident in the Ragama Medical Officer of Health area was interviewed to obtain drinking and smoking habits. RESULTS: Among 2985 subjects [males 45.5%; mean age 52.7 years (SD7.8)], 1156(39.7%) reported ever use of alcohol, and 892(29.7%) reported current use. 58.8% of males and 5.7% of females were current drinkers. 190(14%) males and 12(0.7%) females consumed alcohol above the weekly safe limit (>14 units for males, >7 units for females). The median duration of alcohol use among ever users was 18 years (interquartile range 10-25), and current users was 20 years (interquartile range 1,0-25). The commonest type of alcohol consumed was arrack (n=492), followed by beer (n=217). 60.2% of males and 2.1% of females reported ever smoking, 483(16.2%) were current smokers. 35.1% of males and 0.5% of females were current smokers. The median duration of smoking was 20 years among both ever smokers (interquartile range 10-27.3), and current smokers (interquartile range 15-30). Most (55.3%) smoked cigarettes, only 36(4.2%) smoked beedi. The median pack years of current smokers was 4,5 (interquartile range 2-10). CONCLUSION: Lifetime and current use of alcohol and smoking are high among males. Focused interventions are required to reduce current rates among males and to maintain low rates reported by females.
Description: Oral Presentation Abstract (OP28), 121st Annual Scientific Sessions, Sri Lanka Medical Association, 2008 Colombo, Sri Lanka
ISSN: 0009-0875 (Print)
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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