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Cardiac functions in older patients with haemoglobin E- β thalassaemia

Show simple item record Premawardhena, A.P. Wanninayake, S. Dolapihilla, S.N. Kapuruge, L. Katugaha, N. Olivieri, N.F. Weatherall, D.J. 2015-09-15T10:42:52Z 2015-09-15T10:42:52Z 2007
dc.identifier.citation The Ceylon Medical Journal. 2007; 52(Supplement 1):7 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0009-0875 (Print)
dc.description Oral Presentation Abstract (OP4), 120th Annual Scientific Sessions, Sri Lanka Medical Association, 2007 Colombo, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.description.abstract INTRODUCTION: Cardiac disease accounts for most deaths in patients with thalassaemia. Little is known about cardiac functions in ageing patients with thalassaemia OBJECTIVE: To study cardiac functions in older patients with haemoglobin E - p thalassaemia. DESIGN, SETTING AND METHODS: All patients with haemoglobin E - p thaiassaemia over the age of 24 attending the Thalassaemia Centre at Kurunegala were studied. Data were collected on biographs, transfusion load, body iron loads, ischaemic heart disease risk factors and symptoms and signs of heart disease. Serum lipids, 2D-echo and exercise ECG in addition to basic biochemical investigations were assessed in all. Those with a positive exercise ECG underwent stress echocardiography. Data from age-sex matched "healthy" individuals from the same geographic area were used for comparison. RESULTS: Total of 26 patients and 26 controls were studied. The median age was 34.25 years (24-50). Fourteen females were present in either group. 24% of controls, but-none in thalassaemic families had a family history of ischaemic heart disease. Twelve patients with thalassaemia and one control had a positive exercise ECG. All 12 with positive exercise ECG had normal stress echocardiography. Severe hypocholesterolaemia (mean total cholesterol 90.5 vs 376.9mg/dl) was present in all patients with thalassaemia. Pulmonary hypertension was noted in 7 patients with thalassaemia (not in controls). Nine patients with thalassaemia but none of the controls showed diastolic dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The study shows unique cardiac abnormalities that occur in patients with haemoglobin E- β thalassaemia. The marked hypocholesterolaemia may reduce the risk of ischaemic heart disease but significant right heart damage seems to occur in these chronically anaemic patients. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Sri Lanka Medical Association en_US
dc.subject Cardiac functions en_US
dc.title Cardiac functions in older patients with haemoglobin E- β thalassaemia en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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