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Factors associated with purchasing pesticide from shops for intentional self-poisoning in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record Weerasinghe, M. Konradsen, F. Eddleston, M. Pearson, M. Jayamanne, S. Knipe, D. Hawton, K. Gunnell, D. Agampodi, S. 2020-11-19T04:56:09Z 2020-11-19T04:56:09Z 2020
dc.identifier.citation Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2020; 25(10): 1198-1204. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 13602276
dc.description Not in MEDLINE. In Scopus. en_US
dc.description.abstract ABSTRACT: Objective: In South Asia, up to one in five individuals who ingest pesticides for self-poisoning and survive purchased them from a shop immediately prior to the event. Thus far, no research has taken place to determine whether interventions implemented through the pesticide sellers might be acceptable or effective, despite the hundreds of thousands of such risk purchases each year. We aimed to investigate factors associated with purchasing pesticides for self-poisoning in Sri Lanka. METHODS: We used a case–control study. Cases (n = 50) were individuals who ingested pesticides after purchasing them for the act, and controls (n = 200) were customers who bought pesticides but did not use them for self-harm. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess socio-demographic and purchase-specific risk factors. RESULTS: Alcohol intoxication (adjusted odds ratios [AOR] 36.5, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.7–783.4) and being a non-farmer AOR 13.3, 95% CI 1.8–99.6 were the main distinguishing factors when purchasing pesticides for self-poisoning. The positive predictive values were 93.3% (95% CI 68.0–99.8%) and 88.2% (95% CI 72.5–96.7%), respectively. One and/or other of these factors characterised 72.0% of cases but only 2.5% controls. CONCLUSION: While results need to be interpreted cautiously, sales restrictions to prevent alcohol-intoxicated persons and non-farmers purchasing pesticides for self-poisoning may be effective. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd AUTHOR KEYWORDS: pesticide shops; pesticides; self-poisoning; Sri Lanka; suicide. INDEX KEYWORDS: pesticide, environmental factor; pesticide; poisoning; regression analysis; risk factor, adult; alcohol consumption; alcohol intoxication; Article; automutilation; case control study; controlled study; female; human; major clinical study; male; predictive value; purchasing; self poisoning; sex difference; social status; Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Blackwell Publishing Ltd en_US
dc.subject pesticide poisoned en_US
dc.title Factors associated with purchasing pesticide from shops for intentional self-poisoning in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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