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The Prevalence of previous self-harm amongst self-poisoning patients in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record Mohamed, F. en_US Perera, A. en_US Wijayaweera, K. en_US Kularatne, K. en_US Jayamanne, S. en_US Eddleston, M. en_US Dawson, A. en_US Konradsen, F. en_US Gunnell, D. en_US 2014-10-29T09:32:26Z 2014-10-29T09:32:26Z 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology; 46(6): pp.517-20 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0933-7954 (Print) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1433-9285 (Electronic) en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: One of the most important components of suicide prevention strategies is to target people who repeat self-harm as they are a high risk group. However, there is some evidence that the incidence of repeat self-harm is lower in Asia than in the West. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of previous self-harm among a consecutive series of self-harm patients presenting to hospitals in rural Sri Lanka. METHOD: Six hundred and ninety-eight self-poisoning patients presenting to medical wards at two hospitals in Sri Lanka were interviewed about their previous episodes of self-harm. RESULTS: Sixty-one (8.7%, 95% CI 6.7-11%) patients reported at least one previous episode of self-harm [37 (10.7%) male, 24 (6.8%) female]; only 19 (2.7%, 95% CI 1.6-4.2%) patients had made more than one previous attempt. CONCLUSION: The low prevalence of previous self-harm is consistent with previous Asian research and is considerably lower than that seen in the West. Explanations for these low levels of repeat self-harm require investigation. Our data indicate that a focus on the aftercare of those who attempt suicide in Sri Lanka may have a smaller impact on suicide incidence than may be possible in the West.
dc.publisher Springer International en_US
dc.title The Prevalence of previous self-harm amongst self-poisoning patients in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.department Medicine en_US
dc.description.note Indexed in MEDLINE en_US

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