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Prevalence and severity of micronutrient deficiency: a cross-sectional study among adolescents in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record Hettiarachchi, M. en_US Liyanage, C. en_US Wickremasinghe, R. en_US Hilmers, D.C. en_US Abrams, S.A. en_US 2014-10-29T09:24:25Z 2014-10-29T09:24:25Z 2006 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2006; 15(1): 56-63 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0964-7058 (Print) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1440-6047 (Electronic) en_US
dc.description Indexed in MEDLINE
dc.description.abstract In order to determine the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies (iron, zinc and folate) in Sri Lankan adolescent school children and the extent to which multiple micronutrient deficiencies exist in this population, a cross-sectional survey (2003) in the Galle district of the micronutrient and anthropometric status of 945 school children of ages 12-16 years was performed. The prevalence of anemia (Hb < 120.0 g/L) was 49.5% in males and 58.1% in females (overall 54.8%, gender difference, P = 0.004). In anemic children 30.2% of males and 47.8% of females were iron deficient (serum ferritin < 30.0 microg/L). Folate deficiency (<6.80 nmol/L) was found in 54.6% and 52.5% of boys and girls respectively whereas zinc deficiency(<9.95 micromol/L) occurred in 51.5% and 58.3%. Anemic boys had a 1.5 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.9-2.6) and 1.6-fold (CI; 1.1-2.6) greater risk of being stunted and underweight, whereas the risk among anemic girls was 1.7 (CI; 1.1-2.7) and 1.0 (CI; 0.7-1.5) for being stunted and underweight. The relative risks of having at least two deficiencies in iron, zinc and folate among anemic children were 1.6 (CI; 0.6-4.2) among boys and 0.8 (CI; 0.5-1.5) among girls. Iron deficient subjects had a significantly increased risk of 1.8 (CI, 1.1-3.0) of being deficient in folate and 1.7 (CI, 1.2-2.6) of being deficient in zinc. Zinc deficient subjects had a risk of 1.3 (CI, 1.0-1.8) being iron deficient and 1.2 (CI, 0.9-1.7) of being folate deficient. Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in Sri Lankan adolescents.
dc.publisher HEC Press, Australia en_US
dc.title Prevalence and severity of micronutrient deficiency: a cross-sectional study among adolescents in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.department Public Health en_US
dc.creator.corporateauthor Asia Pacific Clinical Nutrition Society en_US
dc.creator.corporateauthor Australasian Clinical Nutrition Society en_US
dc.creator.corporateauthor International Union of Nutritional Sciences en_US

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