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Descriptive study of chronic calcific pancreatitis in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record de Silva, M. en_US Selliah, S. en_US Thabrew, I. en_US 2014-10-29T09:22:54Z 2014-10-29T09:22:54Z 2005 en_US
dc.identifier.citation The Ceylon Medical Journal. 2005; 50(1): pp.5-10 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0009-0875 (Print) en_US
dc.description Indexed in MEDLINE
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe the potential risk factors, clinical features, biochemical and radiological features, and management of chronic calcific pancreatitis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary care general hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty patients with pancreatic calcification referred to the Colombo South Teaching Hospital, and 50 age-matched controls from healthy relatives or friends of the patients. MEASUREMENT: Height and weight measurements, immunoreactive insulin levels and trypsin levels of duodenal aspirates were estimated. Plain abdominal xray and ultrasonography were performed. INTERVENTION: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP) was attempted on all patients during which duodenal aspirates were collected. Success rates of ERCP and response to endotherapeutic procedures were recorded. RESULTS: Twenty two of the 50 chronic calcific pancreatitis (CP) patients were diagnosed to have chronic alcoholic calcific pancreatitis(CACP). Mean age of the CACP patients was significantly higher than that of the chronic calcific pancreatitis of the tropics (CCPT) patients. Severe malnutrition (BMI < 20), frequent consumption of Manihot esculenta (manioc, cassava) and a high consumption of chilli or pepper were identified as possible risk factors for both alcoholic and non-alcoholic CP. Onset of diabetes occurred at a much younger age in the CCPT group than in the CACP group. Mean serum insulin was significantly higher in the CCPT group than in the CACP group and duodenal trypsin level was significantly lower in the CCPT than in CACP group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm the existence of both alcoholic (CACP) and non-alcoholic (CCPT) types of chronic calcific pancreatitis in Sri Lanka. A larger study is required to confirm the associated risk factors such as Manihot esculenta and foods with a high content of chilli or pepper
dc.publisher Sri Lanka Medical Association en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject Calcinosis-epidemiology
dc.subject Calcinosis-diagnosis
dc.subject Pancreatitis-epidemiology
dc.subject Pancreatitis, Alcoholic-diagnosis
dc.subject Pancreatitis, Alcoholic-epidemiology
dc.subject Risk Factors
dc.subject Sri Lanka-epidemiology
dc.subject Pancreatitis-diagnosis
dc.title Descriptive study of chronic calcific pancreatitis in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Research Paper en_US
dc.identifier.department Physiology en_US
dc.identifier.department Biochemistry en_US
dc.creator.corporateauthor Sri Lanka Medical Association en_US

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