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Epidemiology of cyclical vomiting syndrome in a cohort of Sri Lankan children

Show simple item record Devanarayana, N.M. Rajindrajith, S. 2016-02-02T10:21:46Z 2016-02-02T10:21:46Z 2013
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility 2013; 19(Suppl 1): S59 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2093-0879 (Print)
dc.identifier.issn 2093-0887 (Electronic)
dc.description Poster Session Abstract (P 75), 3rd Biennial Congress of Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association, 1-3 March 2013, Peanang, Malaysia en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is characterised by recurrent episodes of intense nausea and vomiting or unremitting retelling lasting for hours to days. Very little is known of its epidemiology in paediatric age group. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence, clinical profile and risk factors of CVS m Sri Lankan children and adolescents. METHODS: This is a school-based cross sectional survey conducted in 8 randomly selected schools in 4 randomly selected provinces of Sri Lanka. Data were collected using a validated, self-administered questionnaire, which consisted of 3 parts; part 1 - socio-demographic data, part 2 - data on stressful and adverse life events, part 3 - Rome III questionnaire (self report form for children above 10 years) which was translated and validated for Sri Lankan children. It was administered in an examination setting and collected on the same clay. Trained research assistants were present during filling the questionnaire to verify doubts. CVS was diagnosed using Rome III criteria. RESULTS: A total of 2,163 children were recruited for the study (male 1189 (54.9%), age range LO to 16 years, mean 13.4 years, SD 1.8 years). In this study, CVS was seen in 18 (0.8%). There was no gender difference in prevalence of CVS (boys 1.0% vs. girls 0.6%, P > 0-05). A significantly higher prevalence of CVS was observed in children exposed to recent stressful life events such as being bullied at school (3.4% vs. 0.7% in not exposed), major illness in a close family member (1.9% vs. 0.6%), hospital-ization of the child for other illness (2.2% vs. 0.7%), frequent punishment by parents (3.3% vs. 0.7%) and domestic violence (2.9% vs. 0.8%). No association observed between CVS, and age, socio-economic status, family size and birth order. CONCLUSIONS; The prevalence of cyclic vomiting syndrome among Sri Lankan children and adolescents is 0.8%. This condition is more common in those exposed to emotional stress. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Asian Neurogastroenterology & Motility Association en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher The Korean Society of Neurogastroenterology and Motility en_US
dc.subject Familial cyclic vomiting syndrome en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Child en
dc.subject Adolescent en
dc.title Epidemiology of cyclical vomiting syndrome in a cohort of Sri Lankan children en_US
dc.type Conference Abstract en_US

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