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Title: Aedes albopictus the “underrated” Asian Tiger
Authors: Jayasooriya, D.H.S.W.
Gunawardene, Y.I.N.S.
Manamperi, A.
de Silva, H.J.
Abeyewickreme, W.
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: University of Kelaniya
Citation: Proceedings of the Annual Research Symposium, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Kelaniya. 2010; 11: 138-39
Abstract: Introduction The mosquito Aedes aegypti was thought to be the main vector responsible for virtually all dengue epidemics; while Aedes albopictus was considered a vector in which the virus is maintained but does not cause epidemics. Objective The study was conducted covering three endemic districts in Sri Lanka to determine the role of genus Aedes during dengue transmission. Methods and Material Mosquitoes were collected within a 350m radius from the location of the positive patients. Heads and abdomens of 63 pools were tested for DENV RNA with and RT-PCR-LH-(P32) assays Results Discussion Ae. albopictus was present in majority of the locations in all districts surveyed. Ae. albopictus was found in 13/17 (76.47%), 24/25 (96%)and 19/22 (86.36%) sites in Colombo, Gampaha and Kurunegala respectively. The RT-PCR-LH-(P32) assays indicated that 5/25 (20%) sites in Gampaha, 2/17 (11.76%) in Colombo and 6/22 (27.27%) in Kurunegala were positive for DENV. In Gampaha and Colombo there were 3 and 1 of DEN-2 positive pools respectively, while there were 2 and 1 of DEN-3 positive pools respectively. A higher number of positive pools (4/1or 21.05%) for DEN-1 and 1/1(5.26 %) for DEN-4 were found in Kurunegala. In Kurunegala one pool was positive for both DEN-2 and DEN-4 indicating the circulation of multiple serotypes within close proximity. Moreover one of the three DEN-2 positive pools in Gampaha consisting of only male Ae. albopictus mosquitoes is supportive of the belief of vertical transmission of DENV. In a DEN-4 positive location in Kurunegala HI was found to be10%, BI= 1and CI= 5.88 %while anotherDEN-2 positive site in Wattala showed HI of 5.55%and a BI of 5.55 suggesting active transmission. The abundance of Ae. albopictus in all districts and the findings indicating that100% of the positive pools were made of Ae. albopictus in this study highlights the importance of Ae. albopictus in the transmission dynamics dengue. The ability of Ae. albopictus to be infected with low viremia and the degree to which it permits replication within the mosquito itself could have an impact on the transmission and these verity of the disease. Co-circulation of two or more serotypes in a single pool or in different pools of mosquitoes within the same district is suggestive of hyper endemic transmission dengue in the three districts. The greater susceptibility of Ae. albopictus to infection by DENV is said to lead to greater virus adaptation. Sri Lanka as a whole would be at serious risks for multiple outbreaks in future. Our results indicate that Ae. albopictus is more efficient in dengue transmission than previously thought. The results shed light on the efficiency of Ae. albopictus as a vector in transmitting DENV in the absence or low abundance of Ae. aegypti in Sri Lanka. The present study suggests that Ae. albopictus sp is underrated in terms of transmission potential during peak transmission periods of dengue in Sri Lanka. Key words: RT-PCR-LH-(P32) RT-PCR-Liquid Hybridization with P32 radio isotope, HI-House hold Index, BI- Breteau Index, CI-Container Index,DENV-Dengue Virus Authors wish to acknowledge the financial assistance rendered by the NSF Sri Lanka (GrantNo:SIDA/2006/BT/02)and the IAEA (Grant NoTC SRL 6/028).
Description: Annual Research Symposium Abstracts, FGS, University of Kelaniya, 30 November - 1 December 2010, Kelaniya
Appears in Collections:ARS - 2010
Conference Papers

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