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Title: Association between childhood constipation and exposure to stressful life events: a systematic review
Authors: Liyanarachchi, H.
Rajindrajith, S.
Kuruppu, C.
Chathurangana, P.
Ranawaka, R.
Devanarayana, N.M.
Benninga, M.A.
Keywords: childhood constipation
stressful life events
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Blackwell Scientific Publications
Citation: Neurogastroenterology and Motility.2021;e14231. [Online ahead of print]
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Several cross-sectional studies have reported an association between childhood constipation and exposure to stressful events. We planned to systematically review the literature on constipation and its associated stressful events. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched (until February 2021) using standard search terms related to "constipation" and "stress" from 0 to 18 years that describe the association between psychological stressors and constipation. Studies were screened using pre-designed eligibility criteria. Studies that fulfilled the criteria were reviewed in a full-text format. The quality assessment of selected articles was conducted using standard methods. KEY RESULTS: Of 2296 titles and abstracts screened, 38 were included in the full-text review. Out of that, 15 articles were included in this systematic review. There were 2954 children with constipation, and the age range was from 6 months to 16 years. Exposure to home-related stressors (divorce or separation of parents, severe illness in family, and parental job loss) school-related stressors (including being bullied at school, change in school, separation from the best friend at school, and failure in an examination), exposure to child maltreatments and exposure to war/civil unrest were associated with childhood constipation. CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES: Exposure to day-to-day home- and school-related stressors, to child maltreatment, and to civil unrest is associated with constipation in children and adolescents. These factors need to be explored during clinical evaluation of children with constipation. KEYWORDS: adolescents; child maltreatment; children; civil unrest; constipation; stress.
Description: Indexed in MEDLINE
ISSN: 1350-1925 (Print)
1365-2982 (Electronic)
1350-1925 (Linking)
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Articles

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