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Title: Association of poor social support and financial insecurity with psychological distress of Chronic Kidney Disease patients attending National Nephrology Unit in Sri Lanka
Authors: Hettiarachchi, R.
Abeysena, C.
Keywords: Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic-psychology
Social Support
Psychological Distress
Financial Stress
Sri Lanka
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Citation: International Journal of Nephrology. 2018; 2018:5678781.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Hence, CKD patients are often in chronic psychological distress. The objective of the study was to describe factors associated with psychological distress of CKD patients attendingNational Nephrology Unit. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 382 CKD patientsabove 18 years of age applying systematic sampling. The data was collected using self-administered questionnaires to assess the psychological distress (GHQ-12), social support(SSQ6), coping strategies (BRIEFCOPE), pain (0 to 10 numeric pain rating scale), and physical role limitation due to ill health (SF36QOL). Sociodemographic and disease-related data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire and a data extraction sheet. Multiple logistic regression was applied for determining the associated factors. The results were expressed as adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Percentage of psychological distress was 55.2% (95% CI: 48.4% to 62%). Poorsocial support (AOR = 1.81, 95% CI: 1.14-2.88), low satisfaction with the social supportreceived (AOR = 4.14, 95% CI: 1.59-10.78), stages IV and V of CKD (AOR = 2.67, 95% CI: 1.65-4.20), presence of comorbidities (AOR = 2.38, 95% CI: 1.21-4.67), within one year of diagnosis (AOR = 2.23, 95% CI: 1.36-3.67), low monthly income (AOR = 2.26, CI: 1.26-4.06), higher out-of-pocket expenditure per month (AOR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.75-1.99), and being a female (AOR = 2.95, 95% CI: 1.79-4.9) were significantly associated with psychologicaldistress. CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the CKD patients were psychologically distressed. Factors such as financial and social support will be worth considering early because of their modifiability.
Description: Indexed In Scopus; In PUBMED; Not indexed in MEDLINE
ISSN: 2090-2158 (Electronic)
2090-214X (Print)
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Articles

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