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Title: Efficacy of a limb-care regime in preventing acute adenolymphangitis in patients with lymphoedema caused by bancroftian filariasis, in Colombo, Sri Lanka
Authors: Wijesinghe, R.S.
Wickremasinghe, A.R.
Ekanayake, S.
Perera, M.S.
Keywords: Filariasis
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Academic Press
Citation: Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 2007; 101(6): pp.487-97
Abstract: The efficacy of a programme of community home-based care (CHBC) for lymphoedematous limbs was evaluated among 163 lymphoedema patientsattending two filariasis clinics in Colombo. Each patient was interviewed and examined and his or her lymphoedema was graded during a baseline assessment, before the CHBC programme, and again, during a post-intervention assessment, after the patient had been in the programme for 1 year. The number of patients having entry lesions was 24% lower at the post-intervention assessment than at the baseline (P<0.001), with a reduction in the frequency of each type of entry lesion investigated. In the year the patients were in the CHBC programme, 30% fewer of them experienced at least one attack of adenolymphangitis (ADL; P<0.001), the mean number of ADL attacks/patient was lower (P<0.001), and the mean duration of each ADL attack suffered was slightly shorter (5.70 v. 5.84 days; P>0.05) than in the year before the baseline assessment. The reduction in the incidence of ADL attacks was greatest in the patients with the higher grades of lymphoedema. Approximately 66% of the patients perceived an improvement in their swollen limb post-intervention. Eleven patients had grade-II lymphoedema at baseline but only grade-I lymphoedema after being on the CHBC programme for a year (P=0.012). The programme appeared to increase the frequencies with which patients followed each of the limb-care measures considered and most of the measures for the home management of ADL attacks that were investigated. It is recommended that the CHBC programme be implemented as a national programme in Sri Lanka.
Description: Indexed in MEDLINE
ISSN: 0003-4983 (Print)
1364-8594 (Electronic)
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Articles

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