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Title: Factors associated with urinary tract infections caused by extended spectrum β-lactamase producing organisms (ESBL-UTI) among hospitalized patients in a tertiary care hospital
Authors: Fernando, S.C.
Wickramasinghe, R.D.S.S.
Luke, W.A.N.V.
Gunathilake, M.P.M.L.
Sebastiampillai, B.S.
Miththinda, J.K.N.D.
Silva, F.H.D.S.
Premaratna, B.A.H.R.
Keywords: Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary Tract Infections-microbiology
Tertiary Care Centers
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Sri Lanka Medical Association
Citation: Sri Lanka Medical Association, 129th Anniversary International Medical Congress. 2016: 183
Abstract: INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Management of infections caused by ESBL producers is a challenge and expensive. Known associations for ESBL-UTI include recent hospitalizations, recent treatment with cephalosporins, quinolones or penicillin, age over 60 years, male gender, diabetes mellitus, recent Klebsiella pneumoniae infection and obstructive uropathy. Associations for ESBL-UTI in Sri Lanka are not known. METHOD: In order to identify associations of urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by ESBL producers (ESBL-UTI),a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with culture positive ESBL-UTIs admitted to the Professorial Medical unit, Colombo North Teaching Hospital. Patients’ medical records and an interviewer administered questionnaire were used to obtain data. RESULTS: There were 61 patients, 30 (49.1%) males with a mean age of 64.1 years. Of them, 54 (88.5%) had diabetes mellitus,38 (62.2%) had hypertension and 10 (16.3%) had chronic liver disease (CLD). 21 (34.4%) had acute pyelonephritis, 19 (31.1%) had evidence of chronic kidney disease,8 (13%) had obstructive uropathy by ultrasonography. A history of constipation was given in 27 (44.2%), hospitalization during the past 3 months in 30 (49.2%), urinary catheterization in 20 (32.7%) and antibiotic treatment within the past 3 months in 39 (63.9%). CONCLUSION: Most associations for ESBL-UTI in Sri Lanka were similar to that had been previously described. However the observed higher incidence of CLD, hypertension and CKD needs further evaluation. The fact that 50.8% did not have a history of recent hospitalization and 36.1% did not have recent antibiotic therapy suggest high community prevalence of ESBL producing organisms.
Description: Poster Presentation Abstract (PP 57), 129th Anniversary International Medical Congress, Sri Lanka Medical Association, 25-27 July 2016 Colombo, Sri Lanka
ISSN: 0009-0895
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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