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Title: Cost accounting in a surgical unit in a teaching hospital--a pilot study
Authors: Malalasekera, A.P.
Ariyaratne, M.H.J.
Fernando, R.
Perera, D.
Deen, K.I.
Keywords: Anesthesia-economics
Cost Allocation
Cost Savings
Hospital Costs
Hospitals, Teaching-economics
Length of Stay-economics
Operating Rooms-economics
Surgical Procedures, Operative-economics
Comparative Study
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Sri Lanka Medical Association
Citation: The Ceylon Medical Journal. 2003; 48(3): pp.71-74
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Economic constraints remain one of the major limitations on the quality of health care even in industrialised countries. Improvement of quality will require optimising facilities within available resources. Our objective was to determine costs of surgery and to identify areas where cost reduction is possible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 80 patients undergoing routine major and intermediate surgery during a period of 6 months were selected at random. All consumables used and procedures carried out were documented. A unit cost was assigned to each of these. Costing was based on 3 main categories: preoperative (investigations, blood product related costs), operative (anaesthetic charges, consumables and theatre charges) and post-operative (investigations, consumables, hospital stay). Theatre charges included two components: fixed (consumables) and variable (dependent on time per operation). RESULTS: The indirect costs (e.g. administration costs, 'hotel' costs), accounted for 30%, of the total and were lower than similar costs in industrialised nations. The largest contributory factors (median, range) towards total cost were, basic hospital charges (30%; 15 to 63%); theatre charges fixed (23%; 6 to 35%) and variable (14%; 8 to 27%); and anaesthetic charges (15%; 1 to 36%). CONCLUSION: Cost reduction in patients undergoing surgery should focus on decreasing hospital stay, operating theatre time and anaesthetic expenditure. Although definite measures can be suggested from the study, further studies on these variables are necessary to optimise cost effectiveness of surgical units
Description: Indexed in MEDLINE
ISSN: 0009-0875 (Print)
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Articles

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