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Title: Effect of oral supplementation with vitamin E on the oxido-reductive status of red blood cells in normal mice and mice subject to oxidative stress by chronic administration of adriamycin
Authors: Thabrew, M.I.
Samarawickrema, N.A.
Chandrasena, L.G.
Jayasekara, S.
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Sage Publishing
Citation: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. 1999; 36(Pt. 2): pp.216-220
Abstract: The effect of oral vitamin E supplementation on the oxido-reductive status of red blood cells in normal mice and those subject to oxidative stress by chronic administration of the anti-tumour drug Adriamycin was investigated. Mice were randomly separated into three groups of 20 animals each and maintained on diets identical in all respects except for vitamin E content. Group 1 received a low vitamin E diet that provided 10 mg vitamin E/kg body weight/day, group 2 received a normal mice chow diet (45 mg vitamin E/kg body weight/day) while group 3 received a high vitamin E diet (200 mg vitamin E/kg body weight/day). In comparison with the normal mice in group 1, their counterparts in groups 2 and 3 exhibited significantly higher (P 0.001) activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in red blood cells (79.4 percent higher in group 2 and 114.2 percent higher in group 3, respectively) and produced lower concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) (22.9 percent less in group 2 and 51.2 percent less in group 3, respectively), with little difference in the glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity. In Adriamycin-treated animals on the low vitamin E diet (group 1) the red blood cell SOD activity and MDA production were 46.2 percent and 200.7percent higher (P 0.001), respectively, and the GPX activity was 39.1percent lower than in the red blood cells of untreated (normal) animals in the same group. The Adriamycin-induced changes were significantly less in animals receiving higher doses of vitamin E (groups 2 and 3). Thus, in the group maintained on the high vitamin E diet (group 3), Adriamycin administration resulted in only a 38.9 percent increase in the MDA production above that generated by red blood cells of normal mice in the same group, with no significant change in the SOD or GPX activities. Thus, in normal conditions as well as in conditions of oxidative stress, high doses of vitamin E appear to be able to protect the oxido-reductive status of red blood cells by modulating the extent of lipid peroxidation as well as the activities of antioxidant enzymes.
Description: Indexed in MEDLINE
ISSN: 0004-5632 (Print)
1758-1001 (Electronic)
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Articles

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