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|Title:||Association between road accidents and minimal hepatic encephalopathy in a cohort of Sri Lankan cirrhotic drivers|
de Silva, A.P.
de Silva, J.
|Publisher:||Wiley Blackwell Scientific Publications|
|Citation:||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2014; 29(Suppl 3):204|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) has no recognizable clinical symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) but has mild cognitive and psychomotor deficits which can interfere with executive decision making and psychomotor speed. It affects driving ability and previous studies in Western countries have demonstrated an association between MHE and increased road accidents. Our objective was to investigate this association in a cohort of Sri Lankan cirrhotic drivers. METHODS: A prospective, case controlled study ongoing study has been conducted in the Gastroenterology Clinic, University Medical Unit, North Colombo Teaching Hospital, Ragama, from August 2013. Patients with cirrhosis of any aetiology, without overt HE, who had been driving any vehicle during the past one month were subjected to 5 standard pencil-paper based psychometric tests used to detect MHE. Road accidents were recorded for both cirrhotic drivers with MHE and controls. Accidents were categorized as major when they resulted in hospitalization of the involved person/s, and minor when there were no serious injuries. RESULTS: Among 55 cirrhotic drivers with MHE [males, median age 53 years (range 30-60)], 7 (12.7%) reported any type of accident compared to 6 (10.9%) among 55 controls [males; median age 51 years (range 30-60)]. 2/55 (3.6%) cases and 2/55 (3.6%) controls reported minor accidents. There were no major accidents in either group. CONCLUSION: Preliminary results of this ongoing study do not indicate an increased frequency of road accidents in a cohort of Sri Lankan cirrhotic drivers with MHE|
|Description:||Poster Session Abstract (P456), Asian Pacific Digestive Week,November 22, 2014, Bali, Indonesia|
|Appears in Collections:||Conference Papers|
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