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Title: Abdominal pain predominant functional gastrointestinal diseases: association with child abuse, traumatic life events and quality of life
Authors: Devanarayana, N.M.
Rajindrajith, S.
Karunanayake, A.
Nishanthini, S.
Perera, M.S.
Benninga, M.A.
Keywords: Gastrointestinal Diseases
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Wiley Blackwell Scientific Publications
Citation: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2012; 27(Supp 5): 383
Abstract: BACKGROUND/AIMS: Abdominal pain predominant functional gastrointestinal diseases (AP-FGD) have significant repercussions on affected individuals. Aims of this study were to assess its association with traumatic life events and child abuse, and its impact on quality of life. METHODS: Children aged 13–18 years were randomly selected from 3 schools in Western province of Sri Lanka. A previously validated, self administered questionnaire was used to collect information on gastrointestinal symptoms, traumatic life events, exposure to abuse, healthcare consultation and quality of life (QOL). AP-FGD were diagnosed using Rome III criteria. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: A total of 1365 children were recruited [males 749 (54.9%), mean age 14.2 years and SD 1.22 years]. AP-FGD were found in 243 (17.8%) children [Irritable bowel syndrome in 70 (5.1%), functional dyspepsia in 11 (0.8%), abdominal migraine in 26 (1.9%) and functional abdominal pain in 146 (10.7%)]. Prevalence of AP-FGDs were significantly higher in those exposed to traumatic life events (37.9% vs. 3.1%, p = 0.03), sexual abuse (35.3% vs. 17.3%, p = 0.01), physical abuse (19.7% vs. 12.6%, p = 0.0003), and emotional abuse (27.4% vs. 16.9%, p < 0.0001). Health care consultation was significantly higher in children exposed to physical abuse (26.4% vs. 0.0%, p = 0.03). QOL scores for physical (85.7 vs. 89.6), emotional (71.7 vs. 79.4), social (85.9 vs. 92.3) and school (74.3 vs. 81.1) function domains were significantly lower in children with AP-FGD who were exposed to emotional abuse (p < 0.05). QOL scores for school function domain was lower in children exposed to physical abuse (77.8 vs. 83.6, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Traumatic life events and child abuse in any form are significantly associated with higher prevalence of AP-FGD. Children exposed to physical abuse are more likely to seek healthcare for abdominal pain. Children with AP-FGD, exposed to emotional abuse, have significantly poor quality of life in all four domains.
Description: Poster Session Abstract (P18-10), 22nd Asian Pacific Digestive Week, December 5–8 2012, Bangkok, Thailand
ISSN: 0815-9319 (Print)
1440-1746 (Electronic)
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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