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Title: Aerophagia in children is associated with emotional ill-treatment.
Authors: Rajindrajith, S.
Silva, R. L.
Devanarayana, N.M.
Keywords: Aerophagy
Cross-Sectional Studies
Stress, Psychological
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2015; 61(4):527
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Aerophagia is a functional gastrointestinal disease characterized by air swallowing, abdominal distension, excessive flatus and belching. The aetiology of this disorder is not clear. Previous studies have suggested an association between aerophagia and psychological stress. We aimed to assess the association between emotional ill-treatment and aerophagia. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted in 4 provinces of Sri Lanka. Children aged 13-18 years were selected from schools in these provinces. A validated, self-administered questionnaires were used for collect data on functional gastrointestinal disease including aerophagia and emotional ill-treatment. Aerophagia was defined using the Rome III criteria. RESULTS: A total of 1069 questionnaires were included in the final analysis (males 508 [47.5%], mean age 15.3 years, SD 1.8 years). One hundred and thirty six (136) children had aerophagia. Prevalence of aerophagia was significantly higher in children who experienced emotional ill-treatments (43 (23.2%) vs. 160 (17.1%), p < 0.0001). Emotional ill-treatments that were significantly associated with aerophagia include, teasing by others (54.1% vs. 45.0%, p < 0.0001), humiliation (38.2% vs. 20.3%, p < 0.0001), treating inferiorly by others (22.8% vs. 11.1%, p < 0.0001), threatening to abandon (8.8% vs. 2.6%, p < 0.0001), threatening destroy belongings (14.0 vs. 4.5%, p < 0.0001), and forcing to do unwanted deeds (9.6% vs. 3.9, p = 0.003). Parenting factors such as refusal of attending to emotional needs (8.8% vs. 3.0%, p < 0.001), refusal to look at (6.6% vs. 0.7%, p < 0.0001), refusal of hugging (10.5% vs. 5.6%, p = 0.03), and not appreciating achievements (5.9% vs. 2.1%, p < 0.0001) were significantly common among children with aerophagia. CONCLUSIONS: Aerophagia in children is associated with emotional ill-treatments. Attending to child's emotional needs likely reduce the prevalence of aerophagia and its consequences.
Description: Poster Session Abstract (PP-17), 7th European Pediatric Gastrointestinal Motility Meeting(EPGS), October 1–3, 2015, Sorrento, Italy
ISSN: 0277-2116 (Print)
1536-4801 (Electronic)
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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