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Title: Impact of a ward-based clinical pharmacist on improving medication knowledge and adherence in patients with chronic non-communicable diseases
Authors: Shanika, L.G.T.
Wijekoon, N.
Jayamanne, S.
Coombes, J.
Coombes, I.
Perera, D.
Pathiraja, V.
Dawson, A.
de Silva, H.A.
Keywords: clinical pharmacist
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Sri lanka Medical Association
Citation: Proceedings of the Sri Lanka Medical Association, Anniversary Academic Sessions. 2015; 60(sup 1): 209
Abstract: INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: This is the first study done in Sri Lanka to evaluate the benefit of a ward-based pharmacist on improving medication knowledge and adherence in patients with chronic non-communicable diseases. METHOD: This is a part of a controlled trial conducted in a tertiary care hospital to evaluate ward-based clinical pharmacy service. Intervention group (IG) received a ward-based pharmacist's service during hospitalization to optimize the patients' drug therapy. At discharge the pharmacist counseled patients regarding all aspects (name, indication, dose, frequency, side effects, and actions for side effects, timing, monitoring and storage) of long term medications and written instructions were also provided. Control group (CG) received usual care without a ward-based pharmacist. The knowledge and adherence were assessed over the phone on the 6th day after discharge by a different pharmacist. Previously validated knowledge and adherence questionnaires were used. RESULTS: There were 334 and 311 patients in the IG and CG, respectively, The IG had a significantly higher average medication knowledge compared to the CG {IG-75.81+19.14 vs. CG-40.84+19.20; P < 0.001). Proportion of drugs with correct answers, to all 9 dimensions tested, was greater in the IG compared to the CG (P < 0.001). IG had a significantly higher medication adherence score compared to the CG (IG-92.97±15.04 vs. CG-80.42±28,29; P <0.001). A significantly large number of individuals in the IG had high adherence score on Morisky adherence scale compared to the CG (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Discharge counseling by a ward-based pharmacist improves medication knowledge and adherence of patients on long term medications.
Description: Poster Presentation Abstract (PP93), 128th Annual Scientific Sessions, Sri Lanka Medical Association, 6th-8th July 2015 Colombo, Sri Lanka
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers

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