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Morphological identification keys for adults of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record Wijerathna, T. Gunathilaka, N. 2020-09-16T04:19:25Z 2020-09-16T04:19:25Z 2020
dc.identifier.citation Parasites & vectors. 2020; 13(1):450. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1756-3305 (Electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1756-3305 (Linking)
dc.description Indexed in MEDLINE en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Phlebotomine sand flies are a medically important group of insects that is responsible for the transmission of leishmaniasis. Surveillance plays a major role in vector control programmes through exploring species abundance, potential entomological risk and designing appropriate control measures. In field surveillance programmes of such nature, morphological identification of vector species is of paramount importance. However, in Sri Lanka, there is no published taxonomic key available for the identification of leishmaniasis vectors. METHOD: Identification keys for both male and females of the sand flies recorded in Sri Lanka were developed using morphological features. Main identification features were compared with the original observation of specimens collected from surveys and the use of published literature. Photographic illustrations of morphological features are included with the intention of making the keys user-friendly for non-taxonomists. RESULTS: A total of 22 sand fly species (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the genera Phlebotomus and Sergentomyia reported in Sri Lanka from 1910 to 2019 are included in the present work. CONCLUSION: This simplified key, along with photographs taken from specimens would be beneficial to the health staff, entomologists and research staff who deal with leishmaniasis control programmes and vector-related studies. KEYWORDS: Identification; Morphology; Sand flies; Taxonomy; Vectors. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.subject sand flies en_US
dc.title Morphological identification keys for adults of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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