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Field-based Evaluation of Novaluron EC10 Insect Growth Regulator, a Chitin Synthesis Inhibitor Against Dengue Vector Breeding in Leaf Axils of Pineapple Plantations in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.author Gunathilaka, N.
dc.contributor.author Ranathunga, T.
dc.contributor.author Hettiarachchi, D.
dc.contributor.author Udayanga, L.
dc.contributor.author Abeyewickreme, W.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-19T09:23:17Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-19T09:23:17Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Parasit Vectors . 2020 ;13(1):228. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1756-3305 (Electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1756-3305 (Linking)
dc.identifier.uri http://repository.kln.ac.lk/handle/123456789/21083
dc.description Indexed in MEDLINE en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are considered a novel group of insecticides to control mosquitoes. Novaluron is an IGR with benzoylphenyl urea insecticide, which inhibits chitin synthesis in insects and can reduce insect population density; it is also known to have a high margin of safety for mammals. METHODS: The effective minimum concentration of novaluron formulation EC10 was tested. Six pineapple plantations [control (n = 3) and test (n = 3)] were selected from Meerigama Medical Officer of Health area in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. Fifteen plots (10 × 10 m) were demarcated in each site with a 200 m distance apart. Leaf axils of 450 pineapple plants (30 plants × 15 plots) were screened for immature stages of Aedes mosquitoes weekly for 12 weeks. The required concentration (20 ppm) of novaluron was sprayed onto the selected pineapple plants (n = 1350) individually in 3 selected test sites for 5-10 s. The reduction in the vector population was interpreted as the percentage of reduction in immature stages of Aedes mosquitoes. RESULTS: The 100% mortality of the Ae. aegypti larvae within 24 h was observed at 20 ppm (0.05 ml of novaluron 100 g/l in 250 ml of water) as the minimum dose. Variation in the number of Aedes larvae present in the control and intervention sites was found to be significantly different throughout the entire observational period (χ2 = 128.29, df = 11, P < 0.001). The total elimination of Aedes larvae continued for up to 2 weeks and a 50% reduction was observed until the 8th week. CONCLUSIONS: The present study emphasizes that novaluron (10% EC) can be used as an effective larvicide at the treatment dose of 20 ppm. The residual effect of the IGR lasted for 12 weeks with a functional efficacy of 8 weeks. The 100% reduction of larval breeding was observed up to the 2nd week after application and the percentage reduction of immature stages remained > 50% until the 8th week. The lowest reduction (34.2%) was observed at 12 weeks after the initial treatment. Therefore, re-treatment may be recommended based on the reduction in the efficacy of the IGR. Keywords: Aedes; Field efficacy; Insect growth regulator; Novaluron; Pineapple plantation. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.subject Field based. en_US
dc.title Field-based Evaluation of Novaluron EC10 Insect Growth Regulator, a Chitin Synthesis Inhibitor Against Dengue Vector Breeding in Leaf Axils of Pineapple Plantations in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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