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Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus, nutrition and lifestyle in urban Sri Lankan women

Show simple item record Waidyatilaka, P.H.I.U. de Silva, A. Atukorala, S. Somasundaram, N. Lanerolle, P. Wickramasinghe, R. 2016-02-10T11:23:35Z 2016-02-10T11:23:35Z 2013
dc.identifier.citation Sri Lanka Medical Association, 126th Anniversary Scientific Medical Congress. 2013; 58 Supplement 1: 57 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0009-0895
dc.description Poster Presentation Abstract (PP 45), 126th Anniversary Scientific Medical Congress, Sri Lanka Medical Association, 10th-13th July 2013 Colombo, Sri Lanka en_US
dc.description.abstract AIMS: Data on population specific patterns of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) is essential for the design of effective intervention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess KAP regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), nutrition and lifestyle in Sri Lankan urban women who were unaware of their glycaemic status. Methods: 2800 apparently healthy urban women (30 - 45 years) were screened for dysglycaemia and 345 normoglcaemics and 272 dysglycaemics were selected from Coiombo Municipal Council area by random cluster sampling for a cross sectional study. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used to obtain KAP, demographic information and family history. Chi square test and Student's t- tests were used for categorical variables and for group comparison respectively. RESULTS: KAP on T2DM, nutrition and healthy lifestyle were poor. Knowledge on pre-diabetes and prevention of T2DM was also poor. However majority wanted to improve their knowledge. Women with a family history had better knowledge (p< 0.001) and attitudes (p< 0.05), but lower practice scores (p< 0.05) compared to women without a family history of T2DM. A significant (p< 0.001) proportion of women with a family history of T2DM found it difficult to resist eating foods high in fat and sugar. CONCLUSIONS: Overall KAP was poor, especially about pre-diabetes and prevention. Willingness to learn can be used positively to direct future interventions. Poor practices despite better knowledge and attitudes among women with a family history of T2DM indicate a need for targeted intervention. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Sri Lanka Medical Association en_US
dc.subject diabetes en_US
dc.title Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding type 2 diabetes mellitus, nutrition and lifestyle in urban Sri Lankan women en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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