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A New technique for suture rectopexy without resection for rectal prolapse

Show simple item record Liyanage, C.A.H. en_US Rathnayake, G. en_US Deen, K.I. en_US 2014-10-29T09:27:52Z 2014-10-29T09:27:52Z 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Techniques in Coloproctology. 2009; 13(1): pp.27-31 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1123-6337 (Print)
dc.identifier.issn 1128-045X (Online)
dc.description Indexed in MEDLINE
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: We surmised that if rectopexy was performed without dissection of the lateral rectal stalks in patients with full-thickness rectal prolapse and normal preoperative transit, sigmoid resection may not be required. This study evaluated a new approach to abdominal suture rectopexy for rectal prolapse. METHODS: A total of 81 patients (57 male, 24 female; median age 37 years, range 5-82 years) with rectal prolapse were assessed by clinical examination, anal manometry (maximum resting pressure, MRP, and squeeze pressure, MSP) and radioopaque marker transit studies. Of the 81 patients, 70 with normal preoperative transit underwent suture fixation alone, without resection, performed under spinal anaesthesia, through a 7-cm transverse left lower quadrant incision gaining access to the presacral space via a left pararectal "window", preserving the lateral stalks. RESULTS: Average surgical time was 50 min, mortality was zero, and morbidity was 9% (three patients with wound infection, four with urinary retention). Anal incontinence improved in 43 of 53 patients (81%, p=0.001). MRP and MSP had improved at 3 months after surgery: MRP from a mean of 27.6+/-1.4 mmHg (range 2-30 mmHg) before surgery to 32.5+/-2.21 mmHg (2-60 mmHg) after surgery (p=0.008); MSP from 69.25+/-6.4 mmHg (8-153 mmHg) before surgery to 79+/-4.77 mmHg (35-157 mmHg) after surgery (p=0.001).. Transit was unchanged in 18 of 20 patients (90%) who were evaluated before and after surgery; none was constipated after surgery. At 56 months, prolapse had recurred in five patients (7%). CONCLUSION: Abdominal suture rectopexy with a left pararectal approach without sigmoid resection in those with normal preoperative transit resulted in an improvement in anal incontinence and satisfactory long-term control of prolapse. The operation did not alter transit and did not result in significant constipation
dc.publisher Springer-Verlag
dc.subject Rectum-surgery
dc.subject Rectal Prolapse-surgery
dc.subject Suture Techniques-instrumentation
dc.subject Sutures
dc.subject Retrospective Studies
dc.subject Rectal Prolapse-diagnosis
dc.title A New technique for suture rectopexy without resection for rectal prolapse en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.department Surgery en_US

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